Of all the factors that can make or break your marketing campaign, none is as crucial as your direct mailing list.
For more than 50 years, smart marketers have followed the success formula laid out by the late Ed Mayer, who said 40% of a marketing effort comes down to your mailing list (i.e., data). Your offer or message makes up another 40%, and 20% is everything else, like format, copy, and other creative elements.
To make sure that you’re reaching the right audience – as well as optimizing your printing and postage costs – you need to focus on your direct mailing lists.
What is a Mailing List?
In its most basic form, a mailing list is a collection of names and physical addresses (and other contact information) of your customers and prospects. But now – in 2021 – it is so much more.
Today, a mailing list is a set of data of customer demographics as well as lifestyle and shopping behavior. It gives you a complete picture of your overall audience for your products and services so that you can tailor your offers using segmentation and 1-to-1 personalization.
Types of Direct Mailing Lists
There are several types of direct mailing lists. Which one you use depends on your audience(s) and your goals for reaching them. Other important factors include your budget, your deadlines, and other resources that figure into your campaign planning.
In House Lists
Your home-grown mailing list – first-party data – is a great place to start. It ought to give you a few early clues about your audience’s demographic profile as well as buying behavior and preferences.
Direct Response Lists
Also known as second party data, these lists are gold because they represent actual buyers of products or services that are like yours. And with breakdowns for average order size, etc., you’ll have a lot of what you need for your campaign planning.
Lists from Compiled Data
Third-party data is collected from many different sources and is intended to mesh well with your existing lists, especially for any demographic or behavioral information.
Events – both live and virtual – are a good source of names for your outreach. You get current names, contact information, as well as psychographic data on these buyers, especially in the B2B space.
Another good source for fresh names is a list of subscribers to a publication – physical or digital – or to a recurring service. Again, it’s about matching their interests or preferences with what you offer.
4 Steps to Getting a Strong Direct Mailing List
Maybe you’re happy with your current mailing list. If so – congratulations! If not, then you’ll have to work on how to make it better, and improve your chances of creating a successful mailing campaign.
Here are several ways to get started.
1. Define Your Target Audience
Who are your buyers? More than anything else, you need to figure that out. If you have more than one audience, that’s OK, but you may not want to use the same strategy or tactics to target them identically. Doing that will risk wasting time and money.
2. Choose Your Mailing Strategy
What direct mailing list technique will work best to reach your specific target group? To help answer this question, you’ll need to consider your budget, your timeline, and your campaign goals – both current and long-term.
Two main strategies can be used to reach your audience.
- Saturation Mailing – Is everyone (or nearly everyone) in a geographic area or demographic a prospect? If so, then you can mail to a high percentage (between 75 and 100 percent) of residential and business addresses in a specific area.
Pros: Lower postage costs (using carrier-route sort or EDDM); lower data preparation costs; some basic filtering
Cons: Lower response rates; less precise filtering; no personalization
Best for: Driving word-of-mouth and awareness marketing; wide-interest marketers of products and services (e.g., supermarkets; restaurants; public services)
- Targeted Mailing – Targeting refines your message to be more engaging because it reflects the interests and needs of your customer or prospect.
Pros: Greater relevance of your offer, as well as copy and other creative elements
Cons: Higher cost for data processing/planning; some personalization may be regarded as intrusive or violating privacy
Best for: Companies seeking a deeper, long-term customer relationship and loyalty
3. Segment Your Direct Mailing Lists
Direct mail segmentation is a crucial step in creating campaigns that deliver more of what your customers want. Instead of putting broad-based audiences on blast, you can focus your direct mailing lists on more narrowly-defined groups of data. For example, you can look at:
- Geographic – a customer’s physical location
- Demographic – a customer’s gender, age, ethnicity, income, occupation, education level, and home type
- Behavioral – a customer’s buying patterns, habits, and preferences
- Psychographic – a customer’s interests, lifestyles, activities, and values
- Firmographic – B2B data such as industry, revenue, and employee count
To be successful in the marketplace, your copy and offers should try different variables, either alone or in combinations, to shape your direct mail.
4. Test Your Direct Mailing List Often
As the late marketer Mal Decker said, “Two rules and two rules only exist in marketing: Rule No. 1: Test everything. Rule No. 2: See Rule No. 1.”
Here are a few campaign elements to consider:
- Segments (see above)
- Types of postage
- Creative elements
… and so many more. The possibilities are endless in direct mail, but your budget and time considerations will also play a role in your decisions.
Questions to Ask Before Getting Your Direct Mailing Lists
Success in direct mail starts with finding the right partner. Few companies, after all, can do everything on their own.
So when you’re scoping out companies for the right fit, you’ll need to ask the right mailing list questions:
- What’s your experience in audience segmentation?
- Was your list updated through USPS NCOA (National Change of Address) in the last 90 days?
- Do I get exclusivity on mailing lists?
- May I contact your current and former customers?
- Do you mail campaigns in-house?
When you have answers you’re comfortable with, you’ll be closer to meeting your marketing goals.
Wrapping it up
If you need help, the direct mail list experts at mailing.com have years of experience working on complex campaigns using data of all kinds. We can help you put together a complete and cost-effective direct mail campaign to accomplish your goals quickly.
Drop us a line or call us! We’d love to show you how you can put modern direct mail to work in your next campaign.